In 2023, the UK government scrapped proposed requirements for domestic landlords to achieve minimum EPC of C for new tenancies by 2025 and existing by 2028. A proposed boiler ban was revised, with it being alternatively suggested that 80% of boilers would be banned from 2035 onwards. This would be a “soft” ban in the sense that replacement parts would no longer be available, rather than homeowners being compelled to replace systems.
At the same time, the boiler upgrade scheme (BUS), valid for heat pump installations and certain biomass boilers, was revised, now offering up to £7,500 in grants. The UK government also ran a consultation as to whether to make the BUS grant means-tested, and whether to require valid EPCs and/or insulation to be installed as a prerequisite.
The UK government is also going to consult on EPC reforms. The Scottish government closed consultation in October 2023, following the UK’s Climate Change Committee (CCC) recommendations of considering: 1) building fabric, 2) heating type, and 3) cost, within primary EPC indicators. To address cost issues, the government released a library “insight” in September 2023 stating they would consult on the possible decoupling of gas and electricity prices in the UK, given electricity prices remain artificially elevated relative to gas. This would likely result in electric heating systems, including heat pumps, being cheaper to operate than they are today.
The Great British Insulation Scheme (GBIS) also offers grants for property insulation across a range of EPC bands and council tax bands and is open to people from England, Scotland and Wales. Northern Ireland has its own scheme
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Finally, various UK governments are considering mechanisms which would require all existing residential real estate, including unencumbered owner-occupied residential, to have a minimum EPC rating of C by 2035 although this has, at time of writing, not been legislated.
Page last updated: 08/12/23